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Realizing that without food one can do nothing, the Buddha refrained from harming his own body. In Indonesia, Buddha's birthday known as Waisak is a public holiday.
A large procession beginning in Mendut in Java ends at Borobudur – the largest Buddhist temple in the world.) and is held on April 8.
India is the land where the Buddha attained enlightenment (nirvana) at Bodhgaya and established Buddhism.In China and Korea, it is celebrated on the eighth day of the fourth month in the Chinese lunar calendar.The date varies from year to year in the Western Gregorian calendar, but usually falls in April or May. In Tibet, it falls on the 7th day of the fourth month of the Tibetan calendar (in May).The public holiday for Buddha purnima in India was initiated by Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar when he was the minister of social justice It is celebrated especially in Sikkim, Ladakh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bodh Gaya, various parts of North Bengal such as Kalimpong, Darjeeling, and Kurseong, and Maharashtra (where 73% of total Indian Buddhists live) and other parts of India as per Indian calendar. Kheer, a sweet rice porridge is commonly served to recall the story of Sujata, a maiden who, in Gautama Buddha's life, offered the Buddha a bowl of milk porridge.Buddhists go to common Viharas to observe a rather longer-than-usual, full-length Buddhist sutra, akin to a service. Informally called "Buddha's Birthday", it actually commemorates the birth, enlightenment (nirvāna), and death (Parinirvāna) of Gautama Buddha in the Theravada tradition.
Tibetans in exile remember Buddha's birthday on the 7th day of the Saga Dawa month (fourth month of the Tibetan calendar), which culminates with Buddha's parinirvana celebrations on the full moon day.